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The prosperity and vast territory of the Ottoman Empire
The empire used religion, and religion used the empire. From the Roman Empire to the Ottoman Empire, from the Chinese Empire to the Mongol Empire, the history of the world is nothing more than the trajectory of the rise and fall of empires. And it overlaps with the path that the religions of the East and the West have traveled.
(Photo) Surprising reason why an empire of more than 1,000 years came to an endEmpires have used religions to expand their territory, and religions have used empires to gain followers. In this article, we will take a closer look at the Ottoman Empire. *This article is excerpted and edited from “Empire and Religion” by Hiromi Shimada.
The Ottoman Empire further expanded its territory during the administration of the Köprüli family, who became the grand vizier, and it was in 1683 that they seized Crete and the Ukraine and besieged Vienna. The Vienna site will be the second. At this point, the territory of the Ottoman Empire stretched from Azerbaijan in the east to Morocco in the west, Yemen in the south, and Ukraine and Hungary in the north. If the Ottoman Empire began in the late 13th century, when the Ottoman family established a government in northwestern Anatolia, it would have lasted for 600 years. Either way, there is no doubt that the history of the Ottoman Empire was quite long. Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire posed a tremendous threat to European countries, as can be seen from the two sites in Vienna. In Europe, the Ottoman Empire was perceived as a “Turkish threat”. The church bells that announced the arrival of the Ottoman army were called “Turkish bells” and the word “Turkish” meant a strong, violent and ruthless guy. At fairs, there was a “pierced doll” dressed as a Turk, called a “scapegoat”, in order to measure the power of the blow. In short, the Europeans had no choice but to vent their discontent and fear of the Turks (Masami Arai, Ottoman vs. Europe: What Was the ?, Kodansha Gakubunko). The Ottoman Empire was formerly called the Ottoman Empire. Some people still call it that. Indeed, the Ottomans who opened the empire were of Turkic descent, used a Turkic language, and are considered Turkic. However, the Ottoman Empire included several ethnic groups in addition to the Turks. Therefore, the term Ottoman Empire is not used today. Religiously, the Ottomans were Sunni Muslims, but Shiites, Christians, and Jews also lived within the empire. It was a multi-ethnic and multi-religious empire. In Bulgaria under the Ottoman Empire, Christians who went on pilgrimage to Jerusalem were called “Hajj” and were respected just like Muslims who went to Mecca, proving the coexistence of the two religions (“Ottoman vs. Europe” mentioned above). ).